India’s Prime Minister Modi on the Right Track

The allegations that the Modi government would tamper with the constitution are absolutely condemnable, as Mr. Modi has not done such things in the last ten years.

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Prime Minister Narendra Modi at a beach in Lakshadweep. (X/@narendramodi)

Now that the curtain has almost been drawn on India’s parliamentary election, the toxic speeches delivered by leaders of political parties have virtually disturbed India’s social and political climate. In any case, this appears to be the scenario in every democratic country, including the USA and UK, on the eve of elections.

Around 28 opposition parties in India, which call themselves the INDI Alliance, have not coordinated their efforts with firm policy programs to oppose Mr. Modi, and a few of them have been fighting against each other in a few state elections. Some unimplementable promises, like providing Rs.1 lakh annually to the poor and the controversial promise of providing reservations for Muslims in government jobs, have been made by a few opposition parties.

However, the main criticism against the Modi government by the opposition parties centers around the unemployment scenario, the so-called threat of the Modi government tampering with the provisions of the Constitution of India, motivated actions against some opposition leaders based on corruption allegations, and increasing disparity in income between various sections of the people.

Amidst the heated debates and noise made during the election campaign, discerning observers cannot miss the fact that Mr. Modi’s governance has been largely on the right track during the last ten years, and his continued leadership would result in a great leap forward for India.

Exaggerated Unemployment Scenario:

The charge by the opposition parties about the intensity of the unemployment level in India appears to be exaggerated.

The fact is that unemployment exists in India to some extent, just as in several other countries, and it is a debatable question as to whether this is a problem of such intensity as made out by the opposition parties.

The ground reality is that there is more of what is termed as underemployment rather than unemployment in India. Millions of people are self-employed. In many cases, it is seen that those who think they are underemployed and sometimes self-employed people also seek better job avenues and register their names with the employment exchange. Many such people desire government jobs, in view of liberal working conditions and good salary and perks. Such people also register their names in the employment exchange.

There are several job openings in India at various levels which are not being filled due to a lack of skill at an adequate level among the job seekers. It is a common complaint in India by employers and even in households that it is difficult to get skilled people in adequate numbers to attend to various jobs.

To tackle this issue, the Modi government has organized several skill development programs in the last few years. In the 2024 budget speech, the Government of India claimed that 14 million individuals were trained under the Skill India Mission, which included upskilling and reskilling 5.4 million people.

Obviously, the Modi government has been doing whatever is possible to reduce unemployment in India in the given circumstances. Several infrastructure projects that are underway have also considerably created direct and indirect job avenues.

The opposition parties have no firm figures on what they term as a grim unemployment scenario and seem to be banking on some second-hand study made by international agencies, published just as the election campaign was in progress.

In any case, there is no particular unrest amongst the people about the so-called unemployment scenario.

Disparity in National Income:

It is said that inequality in income in India is at an all-time high. It is further said that one percent of India’s population corners 22% of national income and owns 40% of the nation’s assets. The income share of the top one percent is among the highest in the world.

While the above figures may not be accurate, the fact is that the number of billionaires in India has gone up in recent years.

At the same time, it has to be noted that the extreme poverty level in India has almost been eliminated. The income of many persons who belonged to the below poverty line category earlier has now improved, and perhaps, they are in the lower income group category. In the last ten years, the Modi government has implemented several socio-economic welfare schemes and reform measures that are providing considerable relief to people in the lower income group.

The essential requirement for economic growth and social betterment in any country is growth in wealth generation and GDP growth. Wealth generation can happen only by more investment, the adoption of better technology in industrial and commercial projects, and the augmentation of production and services.

The initiatives of individuals and encouragement for private enterprises are essential to achieving a state of wealth generation. This means that aspirations of individuals to earn more income and acquire wealth have to be recognized and encouraged, so that the initiative of individuals will lead to overall national development and growth. History has repeatedly proved that suppressing individual ownership and initiatives to prevent the accumulation of wealth by individuals has resulted in an overall setback to economic growth. This has been seen in several communist countries, which ultimately resulted in the collapse of communism in several countries, including Russia.

In the so-called communist country of China, large encouragement of the private sector and investment by multinational companies have enabled China to achieve spectacular growth. In communist China, too, there are several billionaires today, and their numbers are increasing in tune with China’s economic growth.

It is impressive to speak about one percent of the population holding a huge portion of national income, but the fact is that every sector of the economy has been growing in India during the last ten years of the Modi government. When the rich become richer, they inevitably invest in several projects, which spur development, promote employment opportunities, lead to technological growth, and contribute to overall growth in national income. The rich industrialists do not keep their money in the locker but invest, as seen in the case of several industrial houses such as the Adani group and the Ambani group. The contribution of such industrial groups to national growth should not be belittled.

The disparity in income is a non-issue, and highlighting this issue amounts to talking in a vacuum.

Overall Scenario:

One of the promises made by Mr. Modi before and at present is that he would root out corruption in India. Several corrupt businessmen and politicians have been raided, exposed, and brought before the court. The fact is that while the investigating agencies find out the corrupt dealings, the ultimate punishment for the corrupt people is delivered by the judiciary and not by the Modi government.

The allegations that the Modi government would tamper with the constitution are absolutely condemnable, as Mr. Modi has not done such things in the last ten years.

The ultimate judges in India are the people who exercised their franchise in the massive election process. When a majority of people vote for the Modi government, it obviously means that Mr. Modi’s government is on the right track.

N.S.Venkataraman

N. S. Venkataraman is a trustee with the "Nandini Voice for the Deprived," a not-for-profit organization that aims to highlight the problems of downtrodden and deprived people and support their cause and to promote probity and ethical values in private and public life and to deliberate on socio-economic issues in a dispassionate and objective manner.

1 Comment

  1. Foreign media sprout toxicity and maliciously intended articles on the government. (For a change) nice to read positive reviews on the current government’s performance in a foreign news site.

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