Italy’s largest parties gain ground in European Parliament vote

An Italian political scientist said the big parties grew their share after the elections, "separating themselves from the other parties."

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Italian Prime Minister and President of Brothers of Italy (FdI) Giorgia Meloni gestures at the closing event of the electoral campaign for the European Parliament elections, at Piazza del Popolo, in Rome, Italy, June 1, 2024. (Photo by Alberto Lingria/Xinhua)

Italian Prime Minister Giorgia Meloni’s far-right party has strengthened its hand with a strong showing in the European Parliament elections ending Sunday night. However, Italy’s main opposition party also gained ground.

Meloni’s Brothers of Italy gained 28.8 percent of votes, earning 24 of Italy’s 76 seats in the legislative body. This represents a dramatic increase from the 6.4 percent share of votes won by the party in the last European Parliament vote in 2019 and an increase from the 26 percent it earned in the 2022 national election.

However, like the Brothers of Italy, the country’s center-left Democratic Party, the main opposition party, also won a larger share of the vote, with 24.1 percent and 20 seats. This represents a stronger showing than the 22.7 percent of votes the party won in 2019.

“The main takeaway is that the big parties grew their share, separating themselves from the other parties,” Vincenzo Emanuele, a political scientist and vice-director of the Italian Center for Electoral Studies at Rome’s LUISS University, told Xinhua on Monday.

Although the vote results are for Italy’s representatives in the European Parliament and do not directly impact the Italian Parliament or the makeup of Meloni’s government, they are considered a gauge of support rates for the country’s political factions.

Meloni said after the vote that the results strengthen Italy’s influence within the European Union (EU) and internationally.

“We have the strongest government in the G7,” Meloni said, referring to the Group of Seven (G7) nations. Italy is at the helm of the G7 this year. Meanwhile, the other European countries in the organization, France and Germany, saw their ruling coalitions lose support in the European Parliament vote.

In Italy, the losers in this vote were the country’s second-tier parties.

Anti-migrant party The League won 9.0 percent of the vote, a large drop from 34.3 percent in 2019. Five years ago, the party was the biggest winner; this time, it dropped to the fifth. The anti-establishment Five-Star Movement, headed by former Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte, earned 10.0 percent of the vote, a decline from 17.1 percent in the last European Parliament elections.

According to Emanuele, the low voter turnout featured this year’s elections in Italy: just 49.7 percent of those eligible to vote actually did. It is the first time that fewer than half of eligible voters have turned out in a European Parliament election. In 2019, the turnout was 54.5 percent.

The results were front-page news across Italian media, with Le Repubblica calling the vote both “historic” and “predictable.” Italian state broadcaster RAI put the results in an EU context, saying “Europe is moving to the right.”

With 76 of 720 seats, Italy will have the third-largest contingent in the European Parliament, behind Germany and France, both of which saw their tilt toward right-wing nationalist parties in the latest vote.

Xinhua News Agency

Founded in 1931, Xinhua News Agency is one of the largest news organizations in the world, with over 10,000 employees across the globe. As the main source of news and information for China, Xinhua plays a key role in shaping the country's media landscape and communicating its perspectives to the world. The agency produces a wide range of content, including text news articles, photos, videos, and social media posts, in both Chinese and English, and its reports are widely used by media organizations around the world. Xinhua also operates several international bureaus, including in key capitals like Washington, D.C., Moscow, and London, to provide in-depth coverage of global events.

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